Cucuta is a city located in the capital of Norte de Santander, a department of Colombia. With a population of more than 650,000 people as per the 2005 – 2020 census, Cucuta is the sixth largest city in the whole of Colombia. It is known to be a major center commercially with also the most dynamic international border in the whole of South America.
The city has been experiencing a tremendous boom in recent years with a lot of buildings being built particularly on its borders leading to the up rise of other cities like Villa del Rosario and Patios. All of these cities make up what is known as the Greater Metropolitan Area of Cucuta with a population of over 850,000 people.
It also is well connected to surrounding urban centers mainly by road. For instance, it is connected to cities like Bogota, Ocana, Tunja, Valledupar, Pamplona and many others by road.
The city first started as a settlement for the Spanish. Sebastian Lorenzo was the first custodian of the settlement offered to him by Pedro de Ursua in 1550 as an encomienda. In 1773 a Juana Rangle de Cuellar founded Cucuta donating 782 hectares.
Cucuta played an important role in the political history in the nation of Colombia. It lay hosts to some event that led to the establishment of the Republic of Colombia as an independent nation. There was the Congress of 1821 where the first ever constitution of Cucuta was drafted and approved. This constitution had a great impact leading to the creation of the Greater Colombia.
Cucuta is 110 square kilometers in area with an elevation of 320 meters above sea level. The main rivers passing through the area include the San Miguel River, Zulia River, Pamplonita River and Guaramito River.
Like many parts of the Colombia Cucuta experiences sunny climate all year long. The climate in the city is warm, and thus it can be the perfect destination for those looking for an escape from the cold climate in North America during winter.
The city came to economic life in the late 19th century due to the construction of the first railroad. The railroad was divided into four branches; North, South, East, and West. These were chiefly responsible for the industrial revolution in the city during the 19th century. Today the city is known for manufacturing and trade. There are some industries with the most active being textiles, leather, shoes, and construction.
Cement production, stoneware, and clay are also key industries in the city. Products from these industries are known to be the best in the country. Coal mining is also present within the economy with even a Mining Engineering Course being offered at top Universities in the area. The city’s free trade zone is the most active in the whole of Latin America largely due to its proximity to Venezuela.
This free trade policy especially the Free Trade Agreement with the United States has contributed much to the industrialization of the city. Even countries such as Venezuela that were previously against the idea are now building industries in the city so as to enable them to export to the US without tariffs.